The ancient village of Welwyn lies 25 miles north of London on the route of the original Great North road, now close to the A1 motorway, and is bisected by the meandering River Mimram that crosses the high street.
Welwyn lies just to the north of the town of Welwyn Garden City, but remains distinct from the larger settlement that took its name in the 1920s. Nearby is the railway station of Welwyn North on the East Coast Route with direct links to London, York and Edinburgh.
Presently the village has a population of about 5,000, predominantly living in modern housing estates to the north and south of the village centre. The centre of the village retains an old charm reminiscent of its coaching heyday and includes many historical and architecturally interesting buildings. It is dominated by the Parish Church of St. Mary the Virgin, which sits at the junction of the High Street and Church Street. These streets are lined with a selection of general and specialist shops, pubs and restaurants, doctors and dentists surgeries, which all give the village a busy, vibrant feel. The edge of the village has allotments and large playing fields and sporting facilities, with green belt countryside beyond.
The village has a large Primary School and a Children’s Centre, as well as numerous facilities in the Civic Centre to support the active community, such as health care facilities and a public library. There are many clubs, societies and youth groups and the Annual Welwyn Festival dominates the village for a week in June each year.
As well as having its own small fire station, the village also has it’s a famous Roman bath house, which lies under the A1 motorway in a specially constructed culvert and is open to the public. Shaw’s Corner, a National Trust property, lies nearby at Ayot St. Lawrence.